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Tangible outcome the Greening Campaign of Eritrea 15 Years, spectacular

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Eritrea: Editorial SATURDAY, OCTOBER 23, 2021 Minister of Information

Tangible outcome the Greening Campaign of Eritrea 15 Years

15 Years of Eritrea’s Green Campaign (ሓምላይ ወፍሪ)

The objective of this campaign is to restore the environment (forest and wild life) by planting trees (and related programmes and activities, such as soil and water conservation), establishing reserved areas and national parks, distributing the energy (firewood) efficient Adhanet stove (smokeless stove) and enhancing awareness of the society about preserving forests and wildlife, throughout the country.

Eritrea’s Green Campaign was launched 15 years ago, when May 15 was established to be the National Afforestation Day in 2006.

From the outset, it was decided that the Greening Campaign was to be a community based programme, where the community, students and military forces are the main driving force of making the campaign successful.

Guritat, a village around 30kms Northwest of Asmara (Photo credit: Eng. Abraham Daniel.) Tangible outcome the Greening Campaign of Eritrea. See the transformation of the same spot in an interval of 5 years time. This is in Guritat, a village around 30kms Northwest of Asmara. Currently, it’s totally green.

Furthermore, schools, religious places, public and private institutions, slopes, residential areas, urban avenues and streets, borderlines of farmlands etc. were identified as the primary targets for greening. Since 2006, the achievements registered in the last 15 years are very encouraging.

Activities throughout the country Achievements until 2020
Trees planted: over 50 million trees

The Greening campaign is led and coordinated by Greening Campaign Committee composed of members from the Ministry of Agriculture, Eritrean Mapping and Information Center of the Office of the President, and Ministry of Information.

The regulatory law that supports the greening campaign is the Declaration on Forest and Wildlife Conservation No. 155/2006.

Historical records show that until the 1970s 30% of Eritrea’s land was covered by forests. But the successive Ethiopian colonization in general and the coming of the Dergue to power in Ethiopia in 1974 in particular, resulted in forest mismanagement, destructive colonial policies, intensified war, and draught and climate changes wrecked havoc on the environment and as a consequence forest coverage declined to about 1%.

Immediately after independence in 1991, the Eritrean government initiated various community based programmes and activities to recover the devastated environment, such as soil and water conservation, planting trees and awareness enhancing of the people. A notable example of these programmes was and still is the Students’ Summer Work Programme which started in 1994. Through this programme, in the last 23 years over 400 thousand students have planted over 22 million trees throughout the country.

Therefore, the Greening Campaign is a continuation of these programmes but designed to give it impetus with a more focused and institutional approach.

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